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ECSA European Community Shipowners' Associations
As mentioned in newsletter 01/04 the Commission adopted on 10 February 2004 a draft Directive on enhancing port security. The proposed Directive applies the broad principles of the relevant part of “IMO port facility” to the whole port area such as on: port security assessment, port security plan, port security officer, port security committee, training and control.

The Directive is consequently directly linked to the Regulation on ship and port facility security. The main difference is that this proposed legislation is a Directive which contrary to a Regulation leaves the implementation to Member States taking into account the specificities of their national ports.

In view of the non controversial character of the proposed Directive, the Presidency decided to accelerate the process and have it on the agenda of the Transport Council meeting of 11 June where a ‘general approach’ was agreed.

The Directive will now go through the further procedures of formal approval by the Council and the European Parliament.

ISPS – Regulation 725/2004

The industry is closely following the developments on the application of the IMO ISPS and Regulation 725/2004.

Problems have arisen in respect of the delivery of the necessary certificates by the relevant authorities, harmonized interpretation and the compliance of certain ports, particularly outside the EU.

Intermodal security

Consultation meeting 25 May

The Commission called a consultation meeting on 25 May allowing stakeholders to explain their submissions to the Commission questionnaire of December 2003 in more detail.

The exchange of views at the meeting evidently reflected the submissions to questionnaire. Main comments made:

- A security risk assessment is essential before any suggestion on measures is made.

- There were different views on whether criminal actions should also be part of proposals on security against terrorism. In general it was felt that the focus should be on terrorism with possible side effects on criminal acts.

- Some trade associations were developing voluntary security guidelines.

- Infrastructure security measures are in the first instance a task of Government (public good).

- It is essential to safeguard the free movement of goods within the EU. Border controls should not be introduced again.

- There were no coherent views about the “known shipper” concept. Whereas the principle was supported, practicalities of recognition were considered cumbersome. Suggestion was made that possibly the criteria as used by customs for a “recognised/authorised” status should be used. Duplication to be avoided. The “known shipper” concept should remain a voluntary scheme.

- Difference was made between intra EU transport and International Overseas transport. This is valid in particular for advance cargo declaration (24 h prior to loading/arrival for maritime containers)

- A EU harmonised approach was preferred to fragmented approaches by different Member States.

- To avoid distortion of competition between trading entities security approaches should have a global character.

- Some participants were rather sceptical about Commission initiatives and felt some further study and exchange of views is essential.

The Commission services are further analyzing the comments received and may propose a general framework through Directive end this year/beginning next year.

HLS Home Land Security Department USA

This Department of Homeland Security’s overriding and urgent mission is to lead the unified national effort to secure the country and preserve our freedoms. While the Department was created to secure our country against those who seek to disrupt the American way of life, our charter also includes preparation for and response to all hazards and disasters. The citizens of the United States must have the utmost confidence that the Department can execute both of these missions.

The 2008 Strategic Plan serves to focus the Department’s mission and sharpen operational effectiveness, particularly in delivering services in support of Department-wide initiatives and the other mission goals. It identifies the goals and objectives by which we continually assess our performance. The Department uses performance measures at all levels to monitor our strategic progress and program success. This process also keeps the Department’s priorities aligned, linking programs and operations to performance measures, mission goals, resource priorities, and strategic objectives.

Faced with the challenge of strengthening the components to function as a unified Department, DHS must coordinate centralized, integrated activities across components that are distinct in their missions and operations. Thus, sound and cohesive management is the key to Department-wide and component-level strategic goals. We seek to harmonize our efforts as we work diligently to accomplish our mission each and every day.

Americans are a resilient people. We have overcome great adversities in the past, and we will do so again. Regardless of what challenges may come, we will work tirelessly to protect our country. In the face of national challenges, we are one Nation. And here at DHS, we are one Department, unified to ensure the security of the American people – a Department that will continue striving to protect our homeland while ensuring the strength of our economy and preserving our cherished American freedoms and liberties.

In this spirit, it is important to acknowledge that this Strategic Plan is a living document and will be revised as needed to guide a dynamic Department and its ever-changing requirements.

ENAC-the Italian Civil Aviation Authority

Enac - the Italian Civil Aviation Authority - was established on 25th July 1997 by Legislative Decree no.250/97 as the National Authority committed to oversee the technical regulation, the surveillance and the control in the civil aviation field.

Enac is engaged in dealing with the diverse regulatory aspects of air transport system and performs monitoring functions related to the enforcement of the adopted rules regulating administrative and economical issues.

Safety and Security

The air transport issues part of Enac institutional mandate are various and varied. Its core business is doubtless represented by safety control, in its double meaning of safety and security, according to internationally agreed terms of reference. Safety is understood as the safe planning, construction, maintenance and exploitation of aircraft, as well as the skill assessment of air carriers and in-flight personnel. Security is meant as the land-side safeguard of passengers, on board aircraft, inside and outside the airports, aimed at the prevention of illicit acts.

Passenger Rights

Enac fulfils, inter alia, the objective of guaranteeing the quality of services rendered to consumers and the protection of passengers' rights. Enac has issued the Passenger's Charter and the Charter of Airport Standard Services. The first document is a practical vade mecum gathering the Regulatory frame in force at national, European and International level explaining the claim and compensation procedures available to passengers in case of non compliance with the existing regulation on air passengers' protection. The second document sets out the minimum quality standards airport operators are bound to comply with, in relation to their relevant services.

Environment

Enac is strongly engaged at national and international level in pushing forward decision making processes for a policy of environmental and territory protection. This is carried out through attentive assessments aiming at limiting the environment impact on airport areas and reducing aircraft acoustic and atmospheric pollution.

International activity

Enac represents Italy in the major international civil aviation organizations such as ICAO, ECAC, EASA and Eurocontrol - European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation; with all of them Enac undertakes a continuous and fruiful dialogue and cooperation; within each of them performs leading functions as well.

ANSV Agenzia Nazionale per la Sicurezza del Volo
The duties of the "Agenzia nazionale per la sicurezza del volo", the Italian Air Safety Board.

The "Agenzia nazionale per la sicurezza del volo", (ANSV) was instituted by legislative decree on the 25th of february 1999, n. 66, in abidance of the provisions of the directive of the European Community Council n. 94/56/CE of the 21st of Novembre 1994. The same legislative decree has modified the Navigation Code where it dealt with air accident investigation.

The ANSV is a public institution, with an autonomous decision making authority and it is settled as an independent body within the Civil Aviation System; therefore the objectivity of its dealings is assured as requested by the EC directive 94/56/CE.

To guarantee such independent position ANSV has been put under the surveillance of Presidency of the Council of Ministers. It is the only Civil Aviation institution which is not under the surveillance of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport.

The ANSV has two main tasks:
a) to conduct technical investigations for Civil Aviation aircraft accidents and incidents and to issue safety recommendations as appropriate (with the exclusion of accidents and incidents to State aircraft);
b) to conduct studies and surveys aimed at increasing flight safety.
It is an institution with a prevailing investigative connotation, which does not have -differently from the other aviation institutions- regulatory or management tasks within the national Civil Aviation System.

IMO International Maritime organisation

The International Maritime Organization (IMO), formerly known as the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO), is a mid-20th century creation. The Convention which established the IMCO was adopted in Geneva in 1948,[1] but it only came into force ten years later; and the new Organization met for the first time the following year in 1959. The IMCO name was changed to IMO in 1982.[2]

Headquartered in London, in the United Kingdom, the IMO is a specialized agency of the United Nations with 168 Member States and three Associate Members.[2] The IMO's primary purpose is to develop and maintain a comprehensive regulatory framework for shipping and its remit today includes safety, environmental concerns, legal matters, technical co-operation, maritime security and the efficiency of shipping. IMO is governed by an Assembly of members and is financially administered by a Council of members elected from the Assembly. The work of IMO is conducted through five committees and these are supported by technical subcommittees. Member organizations of the UN organizational family may observe the proceedings of the IMO. Observer status is granted to qualified non-governmental organizations.

The IMO is supported by a permanent secretariat of employees who are representative of its members. The secretariat is composed of a Secretary-General who is periodically elected by the Assembly, and various divisions such as those for marine safety, environmental protection, and a conference section.

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